Universität Mozarteum Salzburg, also known simply as Mozarteum Salzburg, is a university in Salzburg, Austria which specializes in music and the dramatic arts. It is famous as one of the most respected universities in Europe for music studies and was named after Salzburg native Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.HistoryThe predecessor of the Mozarteum Orchestra of Salzburg was the "Cathedral Music Association and Mozarteum", founded in 1841 through the energies of Mozart's widow Constanze Weber Mozart. Its purpose was the "refinement of musical taste with regard to sacred music as well as concerts". Through the 19th century, the concerts of the orchestra, officially named the "Mozarteum Orchestra" in 1908, became the center of Salzburg's musical life.In Salzburg, the Foundation built and maintains a building with two concert halls, called the Mozarteum. It was constructed 1910–14, designed by the Munich architect Richard Berndl (1875–1955).The "University Mozarteum" is affiliated with the International Mozarteum Foundation. The recently rebuilt "University" main building is located at Mirabellplatz 1.Grand concert hall organThe original 100-rank grand concert hall organ was built by the Austrian firm Rieger in 1914. A completely new organ in neo-baroque style was installed in 1970 by E.F.Walcker & Cie. This organ was dismantled in 2008. In 2010 a new 50 stop tracker action organ was installed by Hermann Eule Orgelbau, Bautzen. The original 1914 façade was reconstructed.