|Über uns||Béni-saf, ce n'est pas seulement la mer, c'est aussi les escaliers. Nul ne revient de cette ville sans en être ébloui et sans porter en lui l'appel du reto|
Before French colonization, Beni Saf hardly existed; Indeed there was no flat surface or welcoming tray for construction or any natural path inland. It was as tangled hills from 90 to 150 m deep gullies falling to very steep slopes. On the sea, no favorable Bay to establish a counter or port; High cliffs of hard sand and sandstone were falling steeply cut by two or three small coves.
Even the Romans before the inhospitality of the site, did not try to locate in the beni-safienne region; They preferred him Siga (at the mouth of the river of Tafna) and Camerata (currently Sidi Djelloul) that had a much more welcoming nature that the steep cliffs of Beni Saf.
So it was a lonely place, filled with brush and haunted by hyenas and panthers (they killed the last of them in 1880). A very sparse population lived in tents. According to the testimony of French soldiers at the beginning of the French occupation in 1850 there was no habitation hard, not even a shack.
If the city owes something to fishing, yet it is the mine that it owes its existence because within 20 km will be found excellent hematite iron veins (hydrated iron oxide 60 % approximately). To exploit the (materials and machines) as to export the ore needed boats and therefore a port to house the workers, houses. A center will then rise to enormous effort. With geographically tormented corner, whole ravines were filled with mining waste called "tailings": the outdoor market, covered market and the post office today are based on meters and meters of tailings. the location of the Daira was once a big hole; Major thoroughfares of the city were not established by digging or leveling, and despite their large base, they wind in steep slopes. Multiple stairs always reflect the natural unevenness and build each house, they had leveled or cut or in the hillsides.
The first to have discovered ore deposits in 1850 were of European fishermen come enjoy fishing waters in the region; They tore the ore at the peak of the cli