Shanghai Jiao Tong University is a public research university in Shanghai, China. Established in 1896 as Nanyang Public School by an imperial edict issued by the Guangxu Emperor, the university is one of the first national institutions of higher learning in China, and renowned as one of the oldest, most prestigious and selective universities in China. It is one of the nine members in the C9 League of universities.NameThe word "Jiao Tong", formerly romanized as "Chiao Tung", means transportation or communication. It reflects the university's root — it was founded by the Ministry of Posts and Communications of the late Qing dynasty.HistoryIn 1896, the Nanyang Public School was founded in Shanghai by an imperial edict issued by the Guangxu Emperor, under the Business and Telegraphs Office of the imperial government. Four schools were established: a normal school, a school of foreign studies, a middle school, and a high school. Sheng Xuanhuai, the mandarin responsible for proposing the idea to the Guangxu Emperor, became the first president and is regarded as the founder of the university, with the assistance of John Calvin Ferguson, a missionary educator.In 1904, the Ministry of Commerce took over the school, and in 1905 changed its name to Imperial Polytechnic College of the Commerce Ministry.