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Antonov Serial Production Plant

Antonov Serial Production Plant

Kyiv, Ukraine

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Description “Antonov” serial production plant, formerly AVIANT, is an aircraft manufacturing company in Kiev, Ukraine, the serial manufacturing division of the Antonov. “Antonov” serial production plant's office and industrial premises are located in the Sviatoshyn neighborhood of Kiev adjacent to the Antonov.History“Antonov” production aircraft plant' was established by decision of the War Industry Council on September 9, 1920 under the name of "State Aircraft Plant 12" . It consisted of small uncoordinated workshops and until the war was located on Garmatna Street.The plant performed overhaul of foreign aircraft models used by the military. It had no aerodrome of its own, and aircraft were tested at Post-Volynsky aerodrome . In 1922 the plant was renamed “Remvozdukh-6”. In 1925 the first domestic aircraft, the K-1, was designed and built under guidance of the designer Konstyantyn Kalinin. The maiden flight was July 26, 1925. In 1931 the plant was renamed “Plant 43”. In 1932 the facilities produced the first domestic gyroplane “4-EA” TSAGI. That same year, production of the first domestic high-speed 6-seater aircraft began, the KHAI-1. It had a speed of 324 km/h, a ceiling of 7000 m and a range of over 1000 km with a payload of up to 1000 kg. It was the first in European airplane with retractable landing gear. The maiden flight was on October 8, 1932. A total of 43 KHAI-1 were manufactured. In 1937 the works manufactured the OKO-1. In 1939-1941 the facilities began assembly of MiG aircraft. When the plant was bombed on June 25, 1941, the works were evacuated to Novosibirsk, to V.P. Chkalov Facilities where it produced the fighters Yak-3, Yak-6 and Yak-9 designed by Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev.

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