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|About||This course aims to introduce fundamental daylighting concepts and tools to analyze daylighting design. A wide range of topics includes site planning, building envelope and shading optimization, passive solar design, daylight delivery methods, daylight an|
Prior to the turn of the 20th Century, people’s lives were synchronized with daylight; working hours were limited primarily to daylight hours. Buildings were therefore designed and built to take advantage of available daylight. As a result, building envelopes had a good balance between glazed and opaque areas, windows typically had some degree of operable shading, and the depth of buildings were maintained so that working areas had access to daylight.
The advent of electric light around the beginning of the 20th century harkened the severing of the link between daylight and architecture. At around the same time, Willis Carrier had invented air-conditioning, which decoupled indoor space conditions from the climate. This decoupling of architecture and climate was all but complete by the 1970’s. Soon after, the first Energy Crisis raised concerns about reducing energy consumption, and utilizing daylight was a central key topic to this concern.
Today, with electric lighting accounting for as much as 30% of the energy consumption in buildings, there is renewed interest in incorporating daylighting strategies into building design to create high-quality indoor environments and high performance buildings.
Healthy and high performance buildings can be enhanced by the dynamic characteristics of daylight and reestablish the connection between occupants, daylight, and architecture.