The Champion Hill Battlefield, in Hinds County, Mississippi, is the site of a major turning point in the American Civil War, an 1863 battle commanded by Union general Ulysses S. Grant that led directly to the siege and eventual capture of Vicksburg, Mississippi. In the Battle of Champion Hill, Grant's forces fought Confederate General Pemberton. The union victory was "incomplete, yet decisive", as Pemberton retreated into Vicksburg, to be bottled up and eliminated in time. By July 4, 1863, he could hold out no longer, and surrendered. Grant himself was propelled to the Major Generalship.The battlefield was listed as a historic district on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971. The listing covered including three contributing buildings, one contributing site, and one contributing object.The battlefield was further declared a National Historic Landmark in 1977.It is located about 3 miles southwest of Bolton, Mississippi.