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Lecture by Assoc. Prof. Jaromír Kovárník


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Monumental circular enclosures, so called 'rondels', of the Late
Neolithic in the Czech Republic

‘Rondels’ are called the monumental structures excavated from Rumania to west Germany that are dating in the
Late Neolithic period. They consist of one (width 3‐8 m, depth 1.5‐5 m) to six phases with a diameter of 35‐450 m
and are constructed with an inner and an outer palisade. Analysing the occurrence of rondels as objects with
almost identical construction elements in the territory from Rumania to the west of Germany, in various
archaeological cultures, we can conclude that they illustrate a high level of cultural and ideological unity in Central
Europe in the earlier stage of the Late Neolithic. The ‘rondels’ were built as important features of cult, social and
cultural significance in the central settlements with numerous smaller sites in their neighbourhood.