Who was Josefa Baca, Matriarch of Colonial Pajarito? Why is she being recognised?
By Samuel Sisneros
Land grant records demonstrate that Josefa Baca acquired all or a large part of the Pajarito land grant. Her last will and testament signed in 1746 willed the land out to her children. Her heirs and other Pajarito residents, more than one hundred years later,
presented the will during litigation in U.S. territorial courts as evidence for her receiving the title of land and their inheritance.
Who was Josefa Baca and how did she acquire all
or a large part of the Pajarito community land grant? Josefa Baca was most likely born in Bernalillo, New Mexico around mid to late
1600. Her parents were Manuel Baca and María de Salazar. Manuel’s parents were Cristóbal Baca and Ana María Lara both
born in Mexico City. They came from Mexico City with the Oñate colonizers in 1598. Cristóbal’s parents were Cristóbal Baca and Ana Ortíz both from Mexico City. It is known that María de Salazar, Josefa’s mother, was the daughter of Bartolom de Salazar and María de Ynojos. Bartolom was the Spanish Mayor of the Zuñí Pueblo in the 1660’s. María de Ynojos was a Zuñí Indian woman that during the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 was taken or may have left on her own accord from the Zuñí Pueblo and became one of the refugees in El Paso del Norte (Now Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México.) Read more at http://gutierrezhubbellhouse.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/Oct-2012.pdf