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Cultural adaptations and mobility patterns in Siberian tundra


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Dans le cadre des ateliers « Techniques et cultures » du pôle archéologie de l'IFEA
Sylvie Beyries (CNRS UMR7264-CEPAM) & Laurence Manolakakis (CNRS UMR8215-Trajectoires)

Sylvie Beyries (CNRS) "Cultural adaptations and mobility patterns in Siberian tundra and taiga environments"
This presentation is about an ethnoarchaeological project in progress, it aims at appreciating the importance and the variability of the methods of exploitation of the vegetable biomass by human groups in the Arctic and subarctic medium (crafts, fuels).
In prehistory, in the study of the material cultures, the very great scarcity and the deterioration of vegetable remains bring systematically to a very important undervaluation of plants as well in everyday life as in their symbolic organizations. The project aims working out and at testing methodologies making it possible of starting from remains often fugacious to go back to the environmental context.
The final objective is to understand the place of plant resources management systems in the material and symbolic world of societies, to evaluate the archaeological visibility of each one of them and to start a reflection on the role of the vegetable environment in the cultural identity of the groups.

Laurence Manolakakis (CNRS) "Complex distribution networks in Copper Age of the North-Eastern Balkans"
In Europe, in the early 5th millennium, the North-Eastern Balkans underwent radical transformations in the economic, social and symbolic spheres, particularly ostentatious in the Varna cemetery. Theses upheavals especially concern the appearance of a permanent and hereditary hierarchy, production of prestige goods and technological innovations, such as copper metallurgy, gold-working, pottery fired at high temperature to fix graphite decoration, lever pressure debitage, salt-cake production...
Production is organized regionally, in accordance not only with the presence of raw materials – copper, graphite, spondylus shell, gold, flint, salt – but also with technical know-how, as shown by the various production centers for very long flint blades, gold ornaments, copper tools, bone figurines, salt-cakes etc.
From the study of the different productions of blades, it is thus possible to show the complexity of the long or very long distance networks for distribution of the goods of first necessity like prestigious goods between 5000 BCE and 4300 BCE.