The end of the Soviet Era (sometimes referred to as the post-communist world) has seen upheavals related to historic episodes such as colonialism or ancient tribal hostilities or both. Some history of the Middle East, from Canaan through the Crusades to ISIS, will be traced rather briefly in the segment on “Paths to War & Terror” before turning to how counter-terrorism has impacted both our daily lives and our legal systems. The link from history to current events exists in security screening at airports, courthouses, and public events. For the legal professional, it is important to be aware of how political concerns creep into litigation and how judicial deference to security could in turn lead to subtle effects in various areas of law. It is a rare legal practitioner who never sees a question with connections to transnational business – even a seemingly localized divorce or custody negotiation may involve connections with heavily regulated financial institutions or foreign travel arrangements. Meanwhile, some of the rhetoric in political upheavals in the U.S. serve as a reminder of the importance of language and civility in crafting responses to perceived problems.