From Revolution to fragmentation: activists, warlords, and state-builders in the Syrian conflict
Marina Calculli and Aurora Sottimano
Leiden University, Leiden Institute for Area Studies (LIAS)
Why has the Syrian revolution failed? Marina Calculli and Aurora Sottimano will discuss how international, regional and local players have fractured and destroyed the activist movements that emerged in the wake of the 2011 protests against the Assad regime, also reshaping and fragmenting the political geography of Syria.