In conjunction with the Polish Constitution Day (“Trzeciego Maja”) observation in Syracuse, New York, on Thursday, May 3, 2018, Post 14 of the Polish Legion of American Veterans (PLAV) will dedicate a plaque commemorating the centennial of the death of their patron, Private Eugeniusz Jablonowski. Pvt. Jablonowski was killed in action during the First World War on July 18, 1918.
The program will begin on Thursday, May 3, 2018 at 11:00 A.M. in Pulaski Park on Park Avenue across from the Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and continue at the Polish Community Home. The plaque commemoration will take place in the Polish Home after the May 3 ceremony. The entire event will be at the Polish Home if there is inclement weather.
About the Polish Constitution of May 3, 1791
The Polish Constitution of May 3, 1791, was adopted by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, to ensure more freedom and political equality on its territory and introduce the constitutional monarchy system. It reflects enlightenment influences, which gave primacy to reason, law and freedom, as well as religious tolerance, and is considered as one of the first constitutions of its type in Europe. It is the second oldest such constitution in the world, only after that of the United States, ratified in 1787.
About Pvt. Eugeniusz Jablonowski
Eugeniusz Jablonowski was an American Soldier of Polish birth from Syracuse, New York. He was born on May 23, 1897 in Bagienice, Poland to Aleksander and Domicela Jablonowski. Bagienice is a small village in the Mazowieckie region of Poland approximately 90 miles north of Warsaw. He left behind his mother and many siblings to come to the U.S. through Ellis Island in 1913, travelling to Syracuse to join his brother Bruno and sister Lottie who had preceded him.
After the United States declared war on Germany in 1917, Eugeniusz joined nine of his friends from Syracuse’s Transfiguration parish on the East Side to enlisted in the Regular Army. He enlisted on May 31, 1917 Fort Slocum, New York, at 20 years of age under the name of “Jenon Janski.” Eugeniusz served as a Private in Company F, 9th U.S. Infantry from the time of his enlistment, through the formation of the Regiment at the Fairgrounds in Syracuse, the Regiment’s arrival overseas on September 7, 1917 and inclusion as part of the 2nd “Indian Head” Division, until his death. He participated in the battles of Veaux, Chateau Thierry, and the Second Battle of the Marne. He was killed in battle on July 18, 1918 as part of the 2nd Division's attack during the Battle of Soissons. He is buried in Oise-Aisne American Cemetery in France.
Three other young men who were part of the nine from Transfiguration parish on Syracuse's Polish “East Side” that enlisted were Frank Piwowarsky [Piwowarski], Alexander Wirwas [Wyrwas] and Felix Wolpink. All four men enlisted together and served in Company F, 9th Infantry Regiment of the 2nd Division. Both Piwowarski and Jablonowski were killed in action on July 18, 1918 and Wyrwas was wounded. Wyrwas and Wolpink were founding members of PLAV Post 14 and were undoubtedly involved in naming the post for Jablonowski. Jablonowski is also listed as one of ten men who “Died in Action” on the memorial in Syracuse's Kosciuszko Park across from the former Sacred Heart School, dedicated on May 26, 1935 “to Polish Legion of American World War Veterans of Onondaga County.”