Gatesville is a town in Gates County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 321 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Gates County.HistoryGatesville is named for Horatio Gates, a commander in the American Revolutionary War.The Elmwood Plantation, Eure-Roberts House, Gates County Courthouse, Roberts-Carter House, Rountree Family Farm and Reid's Grove School are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.GeographyGatesville is located at .According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.4sqmi, all of it land.DemographicsAs of the census of 2000, there were 281 people, 117 households, and 80 families residing in the town. The population density was 675.8 people per square mile (258.3/km²). There were 142 housing units at an average density of 341.5 per square mile (130.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 87.54% White, 11.03% African American, 0.36% Native American, and 1.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.36% of the population.