Södra Sunderbyn is a locality situated in Luleå Municipality, Norrbotten County, Sweden with 2,977 inhabitants in 2010. Northeast of the community, between Highway 97 and Malmbanan (Iron Ore Line), is Sunderby hospital; it was built in the 1990s when hospitals were merged in Luleå and Boden. The community also contains Sunderby Folk High School.The new area of Hammaren almost joins the village to Gammelstad and is regularly visited by city buses from Luleå public transportation. It is therefore increasingly regarded as a suburb of Luleå.HistorySunderbyn in the beginningSunderbyn’s history can be traced back 500 years. Originally there were only a few farmers in the village and these lived mostly around “Kråkberget” or “Crow Mountain”. This is the same mountain/hill where the current Sunderby Folk High School is. There are divided theories on the etymology of the name “Sunderbyn”. One theory says that the name may go back to the ancient Swedish word “Sundarby”; other theories say that Sunder means south, which would mean that the name stands for “Söderbyn”, while some theories say that the name may have Sami origin – “Suntekille”, where "kille” comes from the Finnish word "kylä", meaning village.Agriculture, brickworks and timber raftingFarming has long been a major factor in Sunderbyn’s history. Without agriculture Sunderbyn would most likely never have been able to evolve into the current village. A brickyard was opened in 1899 in Södra Sunderbyn. “Mariebergs tegelbruk” (Marieberg's brickyard) was threatened by bankruptcy from its beginning, but survived relatively well until it finally closed in 1967. The brickyard has additionally influenced the name of the main road that runs through the whole of Sunderbyn, Hammaren and Gammelstad – “Mariebergsvägen” or The Road of Marieberg. The timber rafting operations which took place from Grundet island is also a well-known former local business; these started around 1934 and ended late in 1987.