Scotland is a city in Archer County in the U.S. state of Texas. It is part of the Wichita Falls, Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 501 at the 2010 census. The town is named for its founder, Henry J. Scott.The historic 11-room J.H. Meurer House, with a wrap-around porch, is located in Scotland. Constructed in 1911, it was a residence for Roman Catholic priests.GeographyScotland is located in eastern Archer County at, south of the Little Wichita River. The city limits extend east as far as Lake Arrowhead, a reservoir on the Little Wichita. U.S. Route 281 passes through the city, leading north to Wichita Falls and south to Jacksboro.According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.8sqkm, of which 20.4sqkm is land and 0.3sqkm, or 1.63%, is water.ClimateThe climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Scotland has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.