"1 Decembrie 1918" University, Alba Iulia is a public higher education and research institution founded in 1991 in Alba Iulia, Romania. It is a state institution, integrated into the national higher education system, which functions based on the Romanian Constitution, the Law of Education, the University Charter and its own regulations.The name of the University is derived from the date, 1 December 1918, when the Union of Transylvania with Romania was declared, today recognized in Romania as Great Union Day. Its Latin name, Universitas Apulensis, refers to the historical region known as Apulensis within Roman Dacia where the University is located.The university now has five main faculties, each divided into several departments. They are: History and Philology Economic Sciences Sciences and Engineering Law and Social Sciences Orthodox TheologyArchaeology and History departmentThis department functions within the Faculty of History and Philology. The fields of archaeology, history are the main fields that the university was founded on. At present, there are three majors in this department, Archaeology, History, and Museum Science. Within the department is also the Institute of Systematic Archaeology. Well endowed with experts in the auxiliary sciences of archaeology and modern research laboratories and equipment, it is the only centre of its sort in Romania. The Archaeology and History department currently administrates and houses the artefact collections from the archaeological excavations at various sites throughout Alba county, notably Tărtăria, Lumea Noua and Piatra Tomii.